Have you heard about the aging population and the low fertility?
low fertility refers to a phenomenon in which the total fertility rate remains below 2.1 and the ultra-low fertility rate is below 1.3. South Korea is said to have already begun to see ultra-low fertility rates in addition to the low fertilityrate since 2001 .(Source: Edunet T- Clear)
The number of babies born in 1995 is decreasing sharply, with 721 children born in 1995, 637 in 2000, 496 in 2002, 476 in 2004, 453 in 2006, 465 in 2008 and 445 in 2010. (Source: Naver)
The nation's birth rate was a powerful birth control policy in the mid-1960 Not long after the war, the poverty problem was so serious that the government encouraged them not to have too many children. Along with the government's policy, the birth rate continued to decline as the number of opportunities for women to enter society increased. So today we have a very low fertility rate in the world. The total fertility rate dropped from 5.63 in 1965 to just 1.15 in 2010. That means the number of children per family barely exceeds one. Korea currently has the lowest total fertility rate and the fastest decline among OECD countries. (Source: Edunet T- Clear)
Hmm... it's very serious.
Do you thought too?
Why won't you have children?
There are three reasons.
The first reason is: giving birth to a child costs education, child support.
Second reason: not having enough children makes you happy.
Third reason: working mothers are hard.
The solution to the low fertility rate phenomenon should provide facilities and services that can provide personal benefits to the state if a mother gives birth to a child and raise the child safely.
An aging society is a phenomenon in which the percentage of the population aged 65 or older increases. It is classified as an aged society when the proportion of the elderly population is 7% or more, an aged society when it is 14% or more, and a super-aged society when it is more than 20%. Korea, which had 2.9 percent of the population aged 65 or older in 1960, entered an aging society in 2000 when it exceeded 7 percent. If this trend continues, it is expected to enter an aged society in 2018 and a super-aged society in 2026.
Aging is a worldwide phenomenon, but the rate of aging in our country is moving very fast compared to other countries, as is the rate of declining birth rates. Although the reason for the aging population is that medical technology has developed and economic standards have improved hygiene and nutrition, the declining birth rate is also a major reason for the rapid aging of the population. (Source: Naver)
Measures against the aging phenomenon should support elderly people to engage in social activities, and increase welfare systems for the elderly.