Did you ever dreamed to go to the Arctic or Antarctica? I did! But i don't want to go and live in there.. Wait, do you know the difference between the Arctic and Antarctica? Let's find out!
To begin, i would like to talk about the reasons why the Antarctica is colder than the Arctic. First of all,, much of Antarctica is more than three kilo-metes above sea level ; as elevation increases and temperature decreases. Second, the arctic is actually a frozen ocean. The warmth of the water underneath is transferred through the ice pack. As a result, temperatures in the Arctic do not reach the extreme temperatures of Antarctica's land surface. In Arctic, the average temperatures can be as low as negative 68 degrees Celsius. But in the Antarctica, it can go as low as negative 89 degrees Celsius! Lastly, during the aphelion in July, the Earth is farthest away from the sun. At the same time, it is winter in the Antarctica, so it gets extremely cold in that region.
The names of Earth's two polar regions come from Greek words! And the Arctic is an ocean completely surrounded by land, while the Antarctica is a continent completely surrounded by ocean. Various plants and animals, as well as humans, live in the Arctic despite the very harsh conditions there. The Arctic region can be found between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole. But Antarctica is located in the south. Which is the southernmost continent on Earth! The Arctic and Antarctica regions play a very important role in climate change!